Lasik is one of the most commonly used methods in the treatment of focusing errors today. This method is suitable for patients who are over 18 years old and who have not changed their glasses prescription in the last year. In order for Lasik treatment to be applied, the refractive errors in the eye and the eye structure must be suitable for this method. For this reason, before LASIK treatment, all patients undergo a detailed eye examination and the corneal layer is examined in detail. With today’s technology, up to 12 degrees of myopia, up to 6 degrees of hyperopia and astigmatism can be treated with the Lasik method.
Lasik is the most commonly used laser treatment method for treating refractive eye defects. This method is called “lasik” in short. Lasik is widely used all over the world, especially in our country. This practice has been used seriously for more than 10 years and has helped patients recover. Today, approximately 600 thousand patients receive Lasik treatment every year in the United States. In Turkey, this number is around 30 thousand, although it is not official.
Who Cannot Have Lasik?
Lasik treatment cannot be applied to people with certain conditions. These are listed as follows:
• Those under the age of 18
• Those with keratoconus disorder
• Those who have a structural defect in the corneal structure
• Those whose corneal thickness is below a certain limit
• Those who suffer from severe dry eyes
• Those with rheumatic diseases
• Pregnant women
• Breastfeeding women
• Those with eye conditions such as cataract, infection and glaucoma
How is Lasik Treatment Done?
Before Lasik treatment, specialist doctors perform an examination to determine whether the patient is suitable for this treatment. After this eye examination, tests are performed and the situation is evaluated. Afterwards, if the patient is suitable, he is informed about the surgery and an appointment is made. On the appointment day, the patient is checked again and taken to the laser room. First of all, the transparent layer in the eye is anesthetized with drops and the thin layer is removed with a laser called “intralase”. Although the patient feels pressure on his eye during this procedure, he does not feel any pain. However, the patient is then told to look at the red light and thus the Lasik treatment begins. Since the eye-tracker system in the device can follow the eye even if the patient moves his eye, there will be no disruption in the treatment. After these procedures are completed, the patient is given protective goggles for one night. The patient can easily return to his daily life the next day.
What Happens After the Surgery?
Lasik surgery procedure is painless. However, a slight pain may be felt after the surgery. The doctor may prescribe painkillers to reduce pain. However, the eyes may experience burning, stinging and watering for 2 hours after the laser. After Lasik, there may be redness in the white of the eye. This redness occurs to different degrees in everyone and disappears completely after about 15 days. Normal activities can usually be performed easily within a few days after surgery. Apart from this, full clarity in eye vision may take up to 6 weeks. Of course, this may take longer in some patients. Patients should use cortisone and antibiotic drops prescribed by the doctor after Lasik treatment. Apart from this, artificial tears can also be used for a short time.
One of the issues that patients are most curious about is how long it will take for them to return to work after treatment. Experts generally recommend taking 1 week off for the healing process. This period should be used, especially if the working environment is dusty and unhygienic. However, if it is a hygienic office environment, it is possible to return to work immediately after the surgery.