In the department of child health and diseases, diagnosis and treatment of various disorders are carried out from the neonatal period to early adulthood. Therefore, the diagnostic methods used are diverse, including many biochemical and radiological examinations.
The pediatric health and diseases department is a department where many different diseases are treated. Some of the common disorders treated in general pediatric outpatient clinics can be summarized as follows:
Upper Respiratory Tract Infections
Upper respiratory tract infections such as flu and cold are among the most common illnesses of childhood. Conditions such as the common cold are among the diseases that are generally caused by viruses, and one should be aware as they can easily spread between people, especially through close contact.
Middle Ear Inflammation (Otitis Media)
Otitis media, another common disease in childhood, is an infection caused by children being more prone to this condition due to anatomical reasons. Infections occurring in the ear may be bacterial or viral in origin. Early diagnosis and treatment of middle ear infection, which can cause complaints such as earache, fever, restlessness, sleep problems and a feeling of fullness in the ear, is very important to prevent possible complications.
Bronchiolitis, which refers to the filling and edema of the airways in the lungs with secretions such as mucus; It is a clinical condition that requires urgent diagnosis and treatment, which can manifest itself with many different symptoms such as cough, wheezing, feeling of fullness in the chest, weakness, body pain and sore throat.
Respiratory syncytial virus, abbreviated as RSV, is a virus that frequently affects the respiratory system in childhood. This disease, which usually presents with flu-like symptoms in children, should be careful as it can have a dangerous course in younger babies. RSV infection in young infants is a condition that can result in inflammation of the airways followed by an increased susceptibility to the development of pneumonia.
Hand, Foot, Mouth Disease
Hand, foot and mouth disease is a highly contagious viral infection. It may clinically present with the symptoms of a mild flu infection, or it may be a clinical picture that requires inpatient treatment due to feeding difficulty, mostly due to sores in the mouth. Hand, foot and mouth disease, which is most commonly observed in children under 5 years of age, is more common. It should not be forgotten that it can also occur at older ages. Skin rash, fever, sores in the mouth and flu-like complaints are among the symptoms that may occur with the development of this disease.
Eye inflammation, called conjunctivitis, is a disorder that can cause many complaints such as redness, eye discharge, itching and edema affecting one or both eyes. Although there are many different types of conjunctivitis, the most common cause of infectious conjunctivitis is bacterial or viral infections.
Gastroenteritis is a disease caused by highly contagious viruses. Gastroenteritis, in which complaints such as nausea, vomiting and diarrhea may develop, usually follows a course of diarrhea following the initial symptoms of nausea and vomiting. If gastroenteritis develops, it should not be forgotten that fluid intake is as important as early diagnosis and treatment.
Sinuses are air cavities located within the skull. Inflammation occurring in these structures is called sinusitis. Fluid accumulation in the sinuses facilitates the proliferation of microorganisms that have the potential to cause disease in this area. The most frequently detected factor in the development of sinusitis is viruses. There are many different treatment interventions that can be applied for sinusitis, which manifests itself with symptoms such as runny nose, nasal congestion, headache, feeling of pressure in the face, postnasal drip, sore throat, cough and bad breath.
Bacterial tonsillitis, which develops when the tonsils, known as tonsils, are infected by a streptococcus type of bacteria, is among the most common causes of high fever in childhood.
Apart from these common diseases, there are many different diseases that are treated and treated by the pediatric health and diseases department, such as monitoring the vaccination schedule. Some of them can be listed as follows:
• Addison’s disease,
• Menstrual irregularities, excessive hair growth in girls,
• Sixth disease,
• Febrile diseases,
• Food allergies,
• Fifth disease,
• Whooping cough,
• Disorders of sexual development (early puberty, delayed puberty),
• Cushing syndrome,
• Pediatric heart diseases,
• Pediatric rheumatology diseases,
• Urinary tract infection in children
• Stagnation in developmental stages in children
• Atopic dermatitis (allergic eczema) in children,