Chest Diseases and Allergy
In the Chest Diseases Department, outpatient services are provided for the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of lung diseases.
In this chapter; Patients who come with complaints of cough, sputum, bloody sputum (hemoptysis), shortness of breath, wheezing, allergy, chest pain are examined and evaluated, and Respiratory Function Tests (non-drug and drug-Reversibility test) and Allergy Skin Tests (respiratory – food) and are treated and monitored.
The main diseases that fall within the treatment area of Chest Diseases are; Asthma, COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), Emphysema, Bronchitis, Bronchiectasis, Pneumonia, Pleurisy, Tuberculosis (TB), Lung Cancer, Pulmonary Embolism, Sarcoidosis, Respiratory Failure, Occupational and Environmental Lung Diseases.
Respiratory (Lung) Function Tests
Breathing is the main function of the lungs. Respiratory Function Tests are performed to evaluate the normal state of the respiratory system, to reveal the disorder in ventilation in case of disease, to determine the severity of the disease and to follow the effectiveness of the treatment given. These tests, which provide valuable information in the diagnosis and follow-up of lung diseases, are performed in the Chest Diseases department of our center. With these tests, lung volumes and airway flow rates are measured.
Allergy Skin Tests
Allergic agents can most simply be determined by skin tests. The purpose of the test is to determine whether the patient has antibodies against certain allergens. Prick allergy skin test is most commonly used in the clinic. Prick skin test, which is a simple, reliable, rapid and highly reproducible diagnostic method used to determine the allergen to which the patient is sensitive, is most commonly performed on the inner surface of the forearm. Allergen extracts dropped onto the forearm at regular intervals leak into the skin. The test is evaluated after 20 minutes to determine which antigen the person is allergic to. Allergy skin tests are an important diagnostic method used in the diagnosis and follow-up of diseases such as allergic asthma, allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis and chronic urticaria.